Red-rumped Parrot Psephotus haematonotus, imported through Europe for the global pet trade

Europe working on monitoring trade and promoting international enforcement collaboration

Red-rumped Parrot Psephotus haematonotus, imported through Europe for the global pet trade


TRAFFIC in Europe

Europe is one of the largest and most diverse markets for wildlife and wildlife products, serving as both an end market and transit hub for wildlife products in trade.

The removal of internal border controls since the formation of the European Union's (EU) single market has created new avenues and opportunities for transboundary wildlife crime. New smuggling methods and routes are actively sought out by traffickers to avoid detection, making close international collaboration a high priority. We're working to identify threats from unsustainable trade and consumption in Europe, as well as supporting governments in their efforts to detect and prevent illegal trade.

current focus:

trade monitoring, collaborative enforcement, sustainable wild plant harvesting

an introduction to our priorities

The EU market for legal wildlife trade is estimated to be worth EUR100 billion a year and includes live animals, ornamental plants, tropical timber, food, leather, ivory, curios, and wild-plant -based medicines. Monitoring such trade, and ensuring effective implementation of CITES regulations is a high priority for our European offices. 

Similarly, Europe serves as a source and transit hub for illegal wildlife trade, with European sea and airports commonly used when smuggling illicit wildlife products from Africa to Asia. TRAFFIC's European Union Trade in Wildlife Information eXchange (EU-TWIX) is one way we're helping European law enforcement officials to detect, prosecute and prevent illegal wildlife trade.

We work across the European Union Member States and neighbouring countries


contact us in Europe


Hungary (Outposted staff)

+36 1 214 5554 (Ext 126)

TRAFFIC Global Office (UK)

+44 (0)1223 277427

Katalin Kecse-Nagy, Director - Europe

Relaxed border control in any of the EU Member States presents opportunities for illicit traders to smuggle illegal wildlife products into the EU single market, making close co-operation between Member States essential

Katalin Kecse-Nagy, Director - Europe

some areas of focus within wildlife trade in Europe

Explore priorities we're working on within wildlife trade in Europe and their links to our wider projects.

Europe's trade in wildlife products is extremely diverse, varying from wild plant ingredients and wildlife-based medicines to threatened birds and exotic pets. Germany for example is a major consumer, producer, and processor of medicinal and aromatic plants, with imports worth USD250 million in 2015 alone. 

TRAFFIC is helping to implement the FairWild Standard as a framework for the sustainable harvesting of wild plants in several European countries—an ancient trade that support the livelihoods of some of Europe's most impoverished communities. Supporting the implementation of CITES and enforcement agencies is another major priority within Europe, as well as assessing new trade trends and wildlife commodities.

a selection of our conservation projects in Europe

Trade in Wildlife Information eXchange

Ensuring effective and rapid collaboration between European enforcement agencies is key in the fight against illegal wildlife trade.

TRAFFIC's European Union Trade in Wildlife Information eXchange (EU-TWIX) is helping to facilitate the rapid exchange of information and expertise between European enforcement officials via an online platform, helping to detect and prosecute illegal wildlife crime.

more about EU-TWIX

Elephant ivory seized by UK enforcement agencies © WWF-UK / James Morgan


the FairWild Foundation

TRAFFIC is a founding partner of the FairWild Foundation—a best practice framework for the sustainable, ethical, and responsible harvesting of wild plant products.

It simultaneously helps to protect target species, wider ecosystems, and the collects themselves from exploitation and damaging practices. The FairWild Standard and FairWild certification is being implemented across Europe, as well as in Africa, Asia,and beyond.

more on FairWild

the LENA Project

The Local Economy and Nature Conservation in the Danube Region (LENA) project is implementing the FairWild Standard in protected areas across the Danube Region.

Activities in Hungary, Bulgaria, Slovenia, and Serbia are teaching wild plant collectors sustainable harvesting techniques and engaging local stakeholders to increase the volume of retailed products using sustainable wild plant ingredients.

more on LENA