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Wildlife Trade Specialists

Bengali tiger, Madhav Shivpuri National Park, India © National Geographic Stock / Michael Nichols / WWF

Tigers fighting the illegal trade in tigers and their products

Bengali tiger, Madhav Shivpuri National Park, India © National Geographic Stock / Michael Nichols / WWF

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bringing the tiger back from the brink

The tiger Pathera tigris is possibly the world’s most iconic Big Cat, with recent estimates believing there to be approximately 3,800 left in the wild. Their territory can span several countries, meaning effective collaboration between Range States is crucial to their protection.

Once found across Asia, from Turkey to eastern Russia, over the past century tigers have disappeared from south-west and central Asia. Much of the remaining habitat is becoming increasingly fragmented as a consequence of human activity, made worse by poaching and random trapping. Today, tigers are found only in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Viet Nam.

93% of tiger ranges

have been lost in recent years

758

tiger skins were found in seizures between 2000 and 2015

approximately 30%

of tiger products seized are suspected to originate from captive breeding

7,000–8,000

tigers are believed to be held in captive breeding facilities throughout Asia

3,800

individual tigers are estimated to remain in the wild

James Compton, TRAFFIC's Senior Director for Asia Pacific

Criminal networks are increasingly trafficking captive bred tigers around Asia, undermining international efforts to increase their numbers in the wild

James Compton, TRAFFIC's Senior Director for Asia Pacific
World Tiger Day 2017
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World Tiger Day 2017

Bringing them back from the brink

reduced to skin and bones

Recent TRAFFIC analysis of the illegal Tiger trade mapped a minimum of 1,755 tigers seized from 2000–2015, averaging more than two animals recovered per week.

With at least 758 whole skins seized, they represent the most common commodity type in trade. Other items seized included bones and tiger bone wine, claws, canines, paws, gall bladders as well as dead and live tigers.

related reports to TIGERS

Explore the latest publications, reports and papers from TRAFFIC related to tiger conservation and the trade in tiger products.

Visit our resource library for the full TRAFFIC publication archive.

Wildlife Crime
Wildlife Crime

Various projects combating wildlife crime in source and destination countries are working to protect tigers from poaching and illegal trade, both physical and online. Find out more about how we're working to keep tiger numbers up.

fighting wildlife crime

Behavioural change
Behavioural change

Changing attitudes, knowledge and consumer behaviour is a crucial element in the fight to save tigers. We're currently implementing Social and Behavioural Change Communications initiatives in China and Viet Nam to address the consumption of tiger products.

behavioural change