Wildlife Trade Specialists

Amur Leopard Panthera pardus orientalis © / Lynn M. Stone / WWF

Leopards protecting species from poaching and human/wildlife conflict

Amur Leopard Panthera pardus orientalis © / Lynn M. Stone / WWF


poached for their skins, bones, teeth, claws, and skins

Leopards, including Snow Leopards, Clouded Leopards, Amur Leopards, and Spotted Leopards, are all under threat from poaching and illegal trade.

Of these, the Snow Leopard Panthera uncia is one of the most vulnerable to extinction, with approximately only 4,000 left in the wild and a range that has been significantly eroded by human encroachment and climate change. Leopard skins and body parts continue to enter the illegal wildlife trade in Asia, where they are still prized as symbols of wealth and status as well as for use in various traditional remedies.


Snow Leopards are killed each year

90% of poaching

of Snow Leopards occurs in China, Mongolia, Pakistan, India and Tajikistan

approximately 4,000

Snow Leopards are thought to remain in the wild

only 70

Critically Endangered Amur Leopards are thought to remain in the wild


leopards were estimated to have been trafficked in India between 2001–2010

James Compton, Senior Director – Asia Pacific

Our analysis confirms the alarming scale of illegal killing of leopards, particularly Snow Leopards, and should be seen as a wake-up call to ramp up transboundary counter measures and commitments

James Compton, Senior Director – Asia Pacific

contributing to international commitments to protect leopards

related news and reports to leopards

explore our latest analysis and investigations into leopard poaching and illegal trade

related reports to LEOPARDS

Explore the latest publications, reports and papers from TRAFFIC related to leopard conservation and the illegal trade in leopard products.

Visit our resource library for the full TRAFFIC publication archive.

Behavioural change
Behavioural change

Changing attitudes, knowledge and consumer behaviour is a crucial element in the fight to save endangered wildlife. We're currently implementing Social and Behavioural Change Communications initiatives in Asian countries/territories to address consumer consumption.

behavioural change

Wildlife Crime
Wildlife Crime

Various projects combating wildlife crime in source and destination countries are working to protect leopards from poaching and illegal trade, both physical and online. Find out more about how we're working to keep leopard numbers up.

fighting wildlife crime