Frog (Boophis sp) on leaf, Madagascar © / Edwin Giesbers / WWF


Frog (Boophis sp) on leaf, Madagascar © / Edwin Giesbers / WWF


Published 15 November 2021

TRAFFIC Amphibian Analysis: Trade needs to be regulated to prevent overexploitation and the spread of deadly diseases


Despite being the most endangered vertebrate group, international trade of an estimated 98% of amphibian species is not regulated and could be at serious risk of overexploitation; TRAFFIC calls for the protection of the most vulnerable amphibian species threatened by trade through strengthened national and international measures, a year ahead of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CoP191.


Report author(s):
Dr Eleanor Drinkwater, Willow Outhwaite, Tomomi Kitade

Publication date:
November 2021


  1. The 19th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES is due to be held in Panama City in November 2022 (CoP19)
  2. Scheele, B.C., Pasmans, F., Skerratt, L.F., Berger, L., Martel, A.N., Beukema, W., Acevedo, A.A., Burrowes, P.A., Carvalho, T., Catenazzi, A. & De la Riva, I. (2019). Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity. Science 363(6434), 1459-1463.

The research was made possible by the funding contributions from Pro Natura Foundation Japan’s 31st Pro Natura Fund and WWF Japan.

[report updated: 19.11.2021]

About Pro Natura

Pro Natura Foundation Japan contributes to the conservation of the global environment and biodiversity by promoting support for activities that contribute to the conservation of the natural environment in Japan and overseas, and providing the necessary subsidies for the progress of research and research that form the basis of these activities


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