WWF and TRAFFIC applaud global commitments to combat wildlife crime
Resolutions from Asian Summits and INTERPOL General Assembly must be backed by action
Bangkok, Thailand, 25th November 2014—Declarations from recent global summits reflect continuing high-level political will to tackle the multi-billion dollar international trade in illegal wild animals and plants, and they need to be followed up by concrete steps on the ground, increased allocation of technical and financial resources, and sustained political commitment, WWF and TRAFFIC said today.
At INTERPOL’s 83rd General Assembly in Monaco, on 7th November, delegates adopted a resolution urging member countries to “raise awareness among law enforcement authorities of the causes and impacts on national security of environmental crimes and violations; develop concepts and tools to respond to current and emerging threats, such as the National Environmental Security Taskforce (NEST); actively engage in the Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Committee; and ensure that all information about wildlife crime investigations and operations is centrally kept and shared with global police databases.”
This follows INTERPOL’s recent announcement of a “Red List” of Environmental Crime Fugitives that puts wildlife crime on a par with other serious transnational crimes like drug and human trafficking.
At the 26th APEC Ministerial Meeting in Beijing, China, on 8th November, Ministers jointly agreed to “remain committed to strengthening our efforts to combat wildlife trafficking in the APEC region and reduce the supply and demand for illegally traded wildlife.” They resolved to “join hands to combat illicit transnational trade in protected wildlife by sharing information, intelligence, experience, best practices, and strengthening international co-operation.” Participants also welcomed co-operative actions to build capacity to stop illegal wildlife trade and reduce consumer demand.
Immediately following the APEC Meeting, delegates to the 2014 APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in Beijing on 11th Novemberreinforced the Ministerial Statement and their commitment to combating wildlife trafficking. They stated: “We will take steps to combat wildlife trafficking by enhancing international co-operation through Wildlife Enforcement Networks (WENs) and other existing mechanisms, reducing the supply of and demand for illegally traded wildlife, increasing public awareness and education related to wildlife trafficking and its impacts, and treating wildlife trafficking crimes seriously.”
At the East Asia Summit* in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, on 13th November, participants adopted the “Declaration on Combating Wildlife Trafficking” that outlined 21 actions they are taking on the issue under their commitments to CITES and the Convention on Biological Diversity. In addition, they also urged Member States to implement the ASEAN Regional Action Plan on Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora, including law enforcement under the ASEAN Wildlife Enforcement Network (ASEAN-WEN). They agreed to “promote action to further strengthen regional and international co-operation between source, transit and destination countries, including through additional support to wildlife law enforcement networks.”
“These resolutions—particularly in Asia by countries with some of the biggest illegal wildlife markets—are a powerful message to the criminal syndicates that co-operation among countries is increasing and people at the highest levels of government and law enforcement are taking actions to put an end to this illegal trade,” said Stuart Chapman, Representative - WWF-Greater Mekong. “But these should not be hollow resolutions—it must be backed up with enforcement on the ground, increased funding and resources and sustained political will.”
“TRAFFIC welcomes the enhanced recognition by the international community of the seriousness of wildlife crime, and the need to combat illegal activity—the poaching, trafficking and consumption of wild animals and plants and various products,” said James Compton, TRAFFIC’s Senior Director for the Asia-Pacific region.
“What we need to ensure is that actions speak louder than words—and that these commitments are not confined to jurisdictions of environment, forestry, and fisheries,” he added. “The real battle is to ensure that wildlife crime gets picked up in government agendas of security, socio-economic development, and the securing of natural capital. Without due diligence to combat wildlife crime, there will be no sustainability to any trade agreements—including the ASEAN Economic Community which comes into force in 2015.”
WWF and TRAFFIC are also urging South East Asia Member States to harmonize regulations to ensure that law enforcement against wildlife crimes is treated with strong penalties in all 10 ASEAN Member States. Strong deterrents to illegal behaviour are needed to prevent people from profiting from increasingly liberalized movements of commodities and people in ASEAN.
Note: The East Asia Summit brings together the 10 ASEAN Member States with major trading partners China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, India, New Zealand, Russia and the United States.