Published 1st January 2008
As wildlife populations continue to decline and governments look to poverty alleviation schemes to improve local livelihoods, captive breeding of wild species for commercial purposes is becoming more widespread in Southeast Asia. If a species has a market value, the chances are high that someone, somewhere, is trying to breed it in captivity.
The breeding of wild animals in captivity has a history that dates back many thousands of years. In Cambodia, crocodile farming has been practiced since the 10th Century Angkorian era (McClellan and Sovannara, 2004). Perhaps one of Southeast Asia’s best known examples of captive breeding is Thailand’s crocodile farming industry, which has been raising crocodiles for primarily commercial purposes since the 1940s (Kekule, 2001). Captive breeding of wild species, particularly animals, for commercial purposes is one of the most controversial activities involving wildlife.
Despite what may appear to be a relatively straightforward undertaking, captive breeding can cause several problems:
For individuals interested in establishing captive breeding operations, there is the additional problem that the process for registering commercial breeding operations for species listed under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is heavily bureaucratic and challenging to follow.
or companies were captive breeding in Ho Chi Minh City alone by 2005
captive breeding operations are limited to two species: Siamese Crocodiles and Long-tailed Macaques
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