A Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco © Staffan Widstrand / WWF

Bird's Eye View50 years of bird trade regulation & conservation in Amazon countries

A Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco © Staffan Widstrand / WWF


Published 16th January 2019


Download report

50 years of South American bird trade examined

Cambridge, UK, 16th January 2019—South Africa was the world’s leading exporter of South American parrots between 2000 and 2013 after Amazon countries “abandoned the possibility of legally and competitively producing and exporting their wildlife,” finds a new study into bird trade in Latin America.

Bird’s-eye view: Lessons from 50 years of bird trade regulation & conservation in Amazon countries

Report author(s):
Bernardo Ortiz-von Halle

Publication date:
January 2019


Photos for media are available here.

A number of experts were interviewed for their insights into the bird trade during the compilation of the report. Ten of the 16 interviews in Brazil were carried out in collaboration with Freeland Brasil, as part of a documentary film project that, for operational reasons, was subsequently shelved. Freeland Brasil wish it to be made clear that they are in not associated with the contents of this written report, which was compiled only after Freeland’s engagement with the film project had ended.


TRAFFIC is a leading non-governmental organisation working globally on trade in wild animals and plants in the context of both biodiversity conservation and sustainable development whose mission is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature. More information at


WWF is one of the world’s largest and most respected independent conservation organisations, with over 5 million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries. WWF’s mission is to stop the degradation of the earth’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature.