Published 1st September 2017
Organized criminal gangs behind rhino horn processing in South Africa
Facilitated by highly adaptive transnational criminal networks, the global illegal trade in African rhino horn is driven by seemingly insatiable consumer demand in Asia. This assessment aims to deepen understanding of smuggling techniques and the highly adaptive routes that facilitate the movement of African rhino horn along the illicit rhino horn supply chain.
Pendants, Powder and Pathways: smuggling routes and techniques in the illicit trade in African rhino horn
Sade Moneron, Nicola Okes and Julian Rademeyer