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Plants

Reports available as PDFs can be downloaded here. To receive printed copies of these and other reports, please contact traffic@traffic.org or TRAFFIC, The David Attenborough Building, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, UK, stating clearly which report(s) you wish to receive and your postal address

NOTE: there is a charge to cover postage costs for hard copies, and to cover photocopying for out of print reports.

Guidance on making non-detriment findings for perennial plants (PDF, 2 MB) by D.J. Leaman and T.E.E. Oldfield. (2014). Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN) Federal Agency for Nature Conservation. ISBN 978-3-89624-093-4.

TRADITIONAL AND WILD: Revitalizing traditions of sustainable wild plant harvesting in Central Europe  (PDF, 2 MB).   Compiled by: Kristina Rodina, Anastasiya Timoshyna, Andreja Smolej, Darijan Krpan, Elena Zupanc, Éva Németh, Gabriela Ruzickova, Gergő Gáspár, József Szántai, Malgorzta Draganik, Péter Radácsi, Stanislav Novák, Szilárd Szegedi.  Published by TRAFFIC and WWF Hungary. Also available in Czech (PDF, 1.1 MB), Hungarian (PDF, 1.1 MB), Polish (PDF, 1.1 MB) & Slovenian (PDF, 1.1 MB).

Booklet: Common useful wild plants in Central Europe: Promoting traditional collection and use of wild plants to reduce social and economic disparities in Central Europe (PDF, 1 MB) by K. Rodina (Ed). (2013) 28pp.

Trainings on plant collection and utilization activities, building up entrepreneurial skills and employment opportunities for local population in Central Europe (PDF, 2 MB) by K. Rodina (Ed). (2013) 83pp. Background document. TRAFFIC and WWF, Budapest, Hungary.

Aspects of sustainable wild plant collection (PDF, 3.3MB) Compiled by Kristina Rodina WWF Hungary/TRAFFIC (July 2012). Training materials on plant collection and utilization activities, building up entrepreneurial skills for local people and employment opportunities

Wild for a Cure: Groundtruthing a Standard for Sustainable Management of Wild Plants in the Field by W Kathe, B Pätzold, D Leaman, A Timoshyna, D Newton, E Khou, G Kinhal, I B Sapkota, M K S Pasha, N Ndam, R Melisch, S Bundalo, S Honnef, T Osborn, X Buitrón, and X Liu. (2010). TRAFFIC International. This report presents a description of the project “Saving Plants that Save Lives and Livelihoods”, implemented by TRAFFIC and its partners WWF, IUCN and others, which addresses a growing demand from industry, governments, certification bodies, resource managers and donor agencies for specific guidance on sustainable wild plant collection practices.

Wood for the Trees: A Review of the Agarwood Trade in Malaysia (PDF, 1.2 MB) Lim Teck Wyn & Nooranie Awang Anak (2010). TRAFFIC.

The Trade and Use of Agarwood (Oudh) in the United Arab Emirates (PDF, 710 KB) Marina Antonopoulou; James Compton; Lisa S. Perry & Razan Al-Mubarak (2010). TRAFFIC.

Review of the Status, Harvest, Trade and Management of Seven Asian CITES-listed Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Species by Teresa Mulliken and Petra Crofton (1.7 MB) (December 2008). 142pp. Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN)

Saving Plants that Save Lives and Livelihoods: International Standard for Sustainable Wild Collection of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ISSC-MAP) (1.2 MB) (2007) 2pp. TRAFFIC Factsheet

A Review of the Trade in Aloe ferox, with a focus on the role of the European Union (212 KB) Amélie Knapp. (August 2006). 28pp. ISBN 296005 055 X (ISBN 978 296005 055 4). The aim of this study is to describe and quantify the international trade in A. ferox since 1994, with a particular focus on the role of the European Union (EU). Trade data analysis carried out in this study aims to support the efforts of the relevant authorities in EU Member States in assessing their current importing and re-exporting practices in the EU.

Prickly Trade: Trade and Conservation of Chihuahuan Desert Cacti Edited by: Christopher S. Robbins. (January 2003). 65pp. Full report (English)

Plantas Medicinales de Brasil: Aspectos Generales Sobre Legislación y Comercio (560 KB) (Plantas Medicinais Do Brasil: Aspectos Gerais Sobre Legislação E ComércioSuelma Ribeiro Silva, Ximena Buitrón, Lúcia Helena de Oliveira, Marcus Vinícius, M. Martins. (December 2001). 44pp plus annexes. ISBN 997841 625 0 (ISBN 978 997841 625 9). (Portuguese and Spanish Editions in one volume)

Guide to CITES Plants in Trade Vincent Y Chen Michael Song. (2000). 116pp. (Chinese edition)

Medicinal Plants for the Future - Sustainability and Ethical Issues (Scanned PDF, 4.6 MB) Edited by: Andrew Pengelly and Anne Cowper. (2000). 116pp. Proceedings 13 - 14 August 1999, Byron Way, New South Wales, Australia. A conference addressing possible threats to the future supply of plant material for medicinal use. Published by: National Herbalist Association of Australia organised with the cooperation of TRAFFIC Oceania, WWF and IUCN.

CITES and Plants: A User's Guide Marianne Syrylak Sandison Margarita Clemente Jan de Koning Maurizio Sajeva Edited by: Vincent Y. Chen Michael Song. (2000). 79pp plus 40 slides (Chinese edition)

Uso y Comercio Sostenible de Plantas Medicinales en Colombia (scanned PDF, 4.9 MB) Edited by: Adriana Rivera Ximena Buitrón Paola Rodríguez December. (2000). 73pp. (Spanish Edition) Memorias del Seminario - Taller realizado el 18 y 19 de septiembre del 2000, Villa de Leyva – Colombia, TRAFFIC South America

Regulation of Collection Transit and Trade of Medicinal Plants and other Non Timber Forest Products in India. A Compendium Ashok K. Jain. (October 2000). 529pp. Published by: TRAFFIC India and WWF-India

CITES Listed Medicinal Plants of India: An Identification Manual (Scanned PDF, 5 MB) Ritwick Dutta, Pushp Jain. (October 2000). 85pp. Published by: TRAFFIC India and WWF-India.

Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in India A reference book (WARNING: scanned PDF, 35 MB) Dr. Ramesh Chandra Uniyal, Dr. Maya Ram Uniyal and Pushp Jain. (September 2000). 161pp. Published by: TRAFFIC India and WWF- India.


Proceedings 13 - 14 August 1999, Byron Way, New South Wales, Australia A conference addressing possible threats to the future supply of plant material for medicinal use. Produced by: National Herbalist Association of Australia organised with the cooperation of TRAFFIC Oceania and WWF and IUCN.

Medicinal Plant Trade in Europe: Conservation and Supply. Proceedings (1999) (Scanned PDF, 4 MB). 214pp. 22-23 June 1998, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. First International symposium on the conservation of medicinal plants in trade in Europe. Organized by: TRAFFIC Europe in collaboration with WWF, IUCN/SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Proceedings of the Workshop on the Conservation of Medicinal Plants (scanned PDF, 4 MB) Compiled by: Sue Kang Samuel Lee Edited by: Marcus Phipps Melanie Pong. (1999). 51pp. (English and Korean edition) Workshop, 25 November, 1998, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Published by: TRAFFIC East Asia.

South Africa’s Trade in Southern African Succulent Plants. Trade Review (scanned PDF, 6.3 MB) David J. Newton Justine Chan. (June 1998). 162pp. ISBN 0 95840 254 X (ISBN 978 0 95840 254 5).

Europe’s Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Their Use, Trade and Conservation (Scanned PDF, 3.2 MB) (Executive summary, 172 KB) Dagmar Lange. (June 1998). 77pp. ISBN 1 85850 144 X (ISBN 978 1 85850 144 4). This report reviews European trade and documents the results of in-depth studies in eight countries: Albania, Bulgaria, France, Hungary, Spain, Turkey and the UK. It identifies 150 species that could be at risk in one of several countries from over-collection in the wild.

American Ginseng: The Root of North America’s Medicinal Herb Trade (scanned PDF, 6 MB) (Executive summary, 88 KB) Christopher S. Robbins. (May 1998). 94pp. This report examines the harvest, trade, conservation status, and management of P. quinquefolius in North America.

The Improvement of CITES Implementation in Taiwan: Establishing an Orchid Nursery Registration System (1997). 38pp. (Chinese edition). Published by: TRAFFIC East Asia-Taipei.

South Africa's Aloe Ferox Plant, Parts and Derivatives Industry (Scanned PDF, 2.6 MB) David J. Newton Hugo Vaughan. (November 1996). 61pp. ISBN 0 95840 253 1 (ISBN 978 0 95840 253 8).

The Gardener's Guide to Plant Conservation Nina T. Marshall. (1993). 187pp.

The Wild Plant Trade in Europe (scanned PDF, 2.7 MB) compiled by Martin Jenkins (1993) 67pp. TRAFFIC Europe

Medicinal Plants and Plant Extracts: A Review of their Importation into Europe Anna Lewington (Scanned PDF, 2 MB) (May 1993). 37pp. ISBN 0 94761 399 4 (ISBN 978 0 94761 399 0). An overview of the pharmaceutical trade in wild plant material and recommendations for future conservation action.

Wild Plants in Trade (Scanned PDF, 1.5 MB) Martin Jenkins & Sara Oldfield (December 1992). 36pp. ISBN 0 947613 89 7. Based on Europe-wide survey, describes the legal and illegal trade in wild-collected plants and discusses the impact of such collection on these species. Species in Danger series

Medicine from the Wild: An Overview of the U.S. Native Medicinal Plant Trade and its Conservation Implications (Scanned PDF, 1.1 MB) Douglas O. Fuller. (1991). 28pp.

Bulb Propogration and Trade Study, Phase II Sara Oldfield, Wildlife Trade Monitoring Unit, WCMC. (July 1989). 106pp.

Trade in Bulbs, Phase I A Beverley Lear. (1988). 37pp. A Report on behalf of the Wildlife Trade Monitoring Unit, IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre.

Cyclamen in Trade. Report no.5 Dr. Minouk van der Plas-Haarsma (1987). 57pp.