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Behaviour change l Conservation awareness l Enforcement


Iconic wildlife

Apes l Bears l Deer l Elephants l Leopards l Marine turtles l Pangolins l Reptiles l Rhinos l Sharks & rays l Tigers l others



Timber trade



Fisheries regulation


Medicinal plants

Medicinal and aromatic plants



Wildmeat resources


Pets & fashion

Wild animals used for pets & fashion



Africa l Americas l Asia l Australasia l Europe l Middle East


International Agreements



Governance of TRAFFIC


TRAFFIC's board of trustees are:

Mark Halle (chair)
Mark Halle (chair)Mark Halle has devoted his entire career to environment and sustainable development, beginning with five years in the United Nations Environment Programme’s Policy Planning Division. He then spent four years in WWF-International’s Conservation Division, with responsibility for building its programmes in China. There followed fourteen years at IUCN, first in the Conservation for Development Centre (integrated into IUCN as the Field Operations Division), then first as Director of Development and, finally, as Director of Policy and Partnerships. He left IUCN to establish the International Institute for Sustainable Development (Europe) which he directed until retirement in 2016 and where he remains a Senior Fellow. Mark writes and lectures on the subject of sustainable development and sits on the board of several organizations in the field of sustainable development. Mark is a citizen of Switzerland, Italy and the US.




Jeremy EppelJeremy Eppel
Jeremy Eppel (co-founder Eppel Sustainability Ltd) is Senior International Advisor on the illegal wildlife trade to the World Bank’s Global Wildlife Program and to the Prince of Wales’s International Sustainability Unit. Until March 2016 Jeremy was Deputy Director International in the UK Government’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). At Defra Jeremy led pioneering efforts to tackle the illegal wildlife trade (IWT) through the London and Kasane Conferences and by funding frontline projects under the IWT Challenge Fund and the Darwin Initiative. Jeremy has almost four decades of experience advising Ministers and providing leadership in international and domestic policy making. In the UK Government he led negotiations and policy implementation on international biodiversity, sustainable agriculture, sustainable energy, and delivery of Defra’s £140m share of the International Climate Fund. Jeremy also led a politically sensitive review of the EU Habitats and Birds Directive, and the UK Government’s rural economy growth review. Jeremy was Environment Counsellor in the Organisation for Economic Development and Co-operation (OECD), Paris for eight years.



Joshua R. GinsbergJoshua R. Ginsberg
Joshua Ginsberg received his Ph.D. from Princeton University and his B.S. from Yale University. His career in conservation science spans 35 years and several continents. During the 1980s and 1990s, he led ecology and conservation projects in Asia and East and Southern Africa. In 1996, he began his tenure with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), taking on a series of senior management roles that benefitted from his scientific, fiscal, and administrative expertise. As Senior Vice President of the Global Conservation Program at WCS, he oversaw initiatives in North America, Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the marine environment – including fundraising and managing an $87 million budget. As Vice President of Conservation Operations, he managed the budget and operations of WCS’s Global Program, including program evaluation and strategic planning. As Director of Asia and Pacific Programs, he was responsible for projects in 17 Asian countries, growing the program’s budget five-fold in less than a decade.

Dr. Ginsberg has been an adjunct professor at Columbia University since 1998. In addition to lecturing and advising graduate students, he has helped manage Columbia’s Consortium for Environmental Research and Conservation (CERC). Past academic appointments have included: Research Fellow in Ecology at the Zoological Society of London, Honorary Research Fellow and Lecturer at University College London, and Research Fellow at Oxford University. Dr. Ginsberg is on the boards of the Ocean Foundation, the Open Space Institute, and the Catskill Mountainkeeper, and is a member of the advisory council of the American Museum of Natural History’s Center for Biodiversity and Conservation. As an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Diplomacy Fellow, he provided guidance on international conservation issues, including matters relating to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and African biodiversity.

As President of the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Dr. Ginsberg oversees a premier, independent center of ecosystem science located on 2,000 acres in New York’s Hudson Valley. With an annual budget over $10 million, the Institute’s staff numbers more than 100, including a core scientific staff of 12 PhD scientists, who are joined by dozens of emeritus, adjunct, and post doctoral scientists, as well as graduate and undergraduate students. Areas of Cary research expertise include: disease ecology, forest and freshwater health, climate change, urban ecology, and invasive species, with programs in education and outreach enhancing all areas of research.



Ginette HemleyGinette Hemley
Ginette Hemley is WWF-US’s Senior Vice President for Wildlife Conservation, overseeing global programs to secure a future in the wild for some of the world’s most endangered and iconic species.

Under her leadership, WWF-US is designing and executing high-impact strategies for wildlife protection and species recovery by addressing urgent threats such as the wildlife trafficking crisis; working with local communities to develop incentive-based programs for long-term species and habitat conservation; and mobilizing large-scale public, political, and financial support for wildlife and ecosystem protection.

An authority on endangered species and conservation policy, Ginette has spearheaded innovative initiatives to advance conservation of endangered species such as tigers, elephants and rhinos through partnerships with the private sector, grass-roots organizations, and governments. Her leadership has contributed to WWF’s ambitious goals to double the number of tigers in the wild, develop systemic approaches to tackling global wildlife crime, and scale up successful community-based conservation efforts.

Ginette previously served as WWF-US’s senior vice president for strategy and science, managing vice president for conservation, and director of TRAFFIC USA. An ecologist with over 30 years of international conservation experience.

Ginette received a BS in biology from the College of William & Mary, studied history and philosophy at Oxford University, and was an ELIAS Fellow with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.



Margaret KinnairdMargaret Kinnaird
Dr. Margaret Kinnaird currently serves as Leader of WWF-International’s Wildlife Practice. She is a biologist who has worked for over 30 years in the field of conservation in Ecuador, Kenya, USA and Indonesia. She received her undergraduate degree in Zoology from the University of Florida, her M.Sc. in Evolutionary Ecology from the University of Michigan and returned to the University of Florida where she earned her Ph.D. in Wildlife Ecology. Margaret was founding Director of the Wildlife Conservation Society's Indonesia Program where she spent over a decade leading research on human/elephant conflict, tiger/prey interactions, parrot trade, forest dynamics, non-timber forest product use, and hornbill and primate conservation.

In 2007, Margaret returned to Kenya, where she had conducted her PhD work, and spent 8 years as the Executive Director of the Mpala Research Centre in Laikipia, Kenya. There, her research interests focused on the influence of livestock management regimes on wildlife abundance and diversity, assessing and refining approaches to wildlife monitoring and evaluating the role of lions in Grevy's zebra demography.

Margaret has authored over 75 scientific articles and numerous popular articles, including the book North Sulawesi: A Natural History Guide. Her second book, The Ecology and Conservation of Asian Hornbills: Framers of the Forest, was published in 2007 in collaboration with her husband, Dr. Tim O’Brien. Margaret is chair of the board of the International Gorilla Conservation Program and serves on the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas.



Li LinLi Lin
Dr. Li Lin is the Director of Global Policy and Advocacy at WWF International, responsible for co-ordinating and leading cross-cutting policy positions and advocacy approaches, represents WWF in multilateral fora and other policy dialogues, leads policy and advocacy teams.

Prior to joining WWF International, Dr. Li served as the Executive Program Director for WWF-China. Her duties focus on addressing drivers behind biodiversity conservation, in China, and through China to the world. Dr. Li has 30 years of professional experience in sustainability, environmental policy analysis, stakeholder engagement, and partnership building.

Her work covers a broad spectrum of areas, including addressing governance, financing, markets, investment and trade as driving forces for both biodiversity loss and conservation, curbing impacts of climate change, and focusing on China’s overseas investment and addressing their impacts to the ecological systems, as well as developing strategic partnerships inside and outside of China.

She has worked as a chemical engineer in China and Japan, a specialist on environmental management accounting and indicator system for sustainable development at the UN DESA in NYC , and an environmental policy analyst in an environmental consulting firm in the USA. She joined WWF-US in 2004, prior moving to WWF-China in 2006.

Her education background covers a B. Eng, in Chemical Engineering, M. Sc. In Environmental Management and Policy, and a PhD in Environmental Policy as well as a graduate certification in Business Administration and Executive Development.



Jane SmartJane Smart
Dr Jane Smart is the Global Director of IUCN’s Biodiversity Conservation Group (around 60 staff): the Global Species, Global Protected Areas and World Heritage Programmes. She is also Director of IUCN’s Global Species Programme.

Jane also takes a lead role in IUCN’s work on knowledge products and systems, including responsibility for managing the management and production of The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ™. As Director of the Global Species Programme, Jane is responsible for staff based in Switzerland, Washington DC, US and Cambridge, UK working on assessments of species for The IUCN Red List, conservation action, the illegal wildlife trade, invasive species, key biodiversity areas and the provision of support to the Species Survival Commission.

Jane trained as a botanist and began her professional life as a plant ecologist. In 1989, Jane founded Plantlife International, becoming its first Chief Executive. Prior to joining the IUCN Secretariat Jane was Chair of the IUCN UK National Committee, as well as a long standing member of the IUCN SSC Plant Conservation Committee. In 2003 she was awarded the OBE for services to international conservation.



Aimé NianogoAimé Nianogo
Aimé Nianogo is the Regional Director of the IUCN West and Central Africa Regional Office. A national of Burkina Faso, Dr Nianogo holds a Ph.D. in Animal Science from the University of Georgia (USA). He started his career in 1982 as a university lecturer; since then he held various positions, including head of department at the University of Ouagadougou and, head of department at the Burkinabe Institute for Environmental and Agricultural Research. In July 2000 he joined IUCN as the Head of the IUCN country office in Burkina Faso. Since May 2008, Aimé has held the position of Regional Director for IUCN Central and West Africa.

Aimé’s experience includes research and development, programme identification, partnership promotion & management, promotion of policy changes at national and regional level. Aimé is the author of more than 100 papers that range from livestock production systems to elephant ecology.



Jon Paul RodríguezJon Paul Rodríguez
Jon Paul Rodríguez Chairs the IUCN Species Survival Commission, is Professor at the Center for Ecology of the Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Investigations (Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas―IVIC), and is a founder, past Board Member (1987-2001, 2009-2012) and President (2001-2008, 2013-present) of Provita (a Venezuelan conservation NGO established in 1987). He holds an undergraduate degree in biology from Universidad Central de Venezuela (1991), a PhD. in ecology and evolutionary biology from Princeton University (1999) and a certificate on science, technology and environmental policy from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, also at Princeton.

In 2005, he was selected by the Jeune Chambre Internationale, Zulia, as one of Venezuela’s Ten Outstanding Young People for his environmental achievements (18 to 40 years old). In 2007, he was awarded the National Prize for Best Science, Technology and Innovation Article in the Natural Sciences (shared with Jennifer K. Balch and Kathryn M. Rodríguez-Clark), in 2010 the Society for Conservation Biology’s Distinguished Service Award, and in 2013 the Premio Fundación Empresas Polar “Lorenzo Mendoza Fleury” for lifetime achievements in basic scientific research.

His work focuses on understanding patterns in the spatial distribution of threatened species and ecosystems, as well as the underlying causes of these patterns, and the development of policy guidelines for biodiversity conservation. He is author or co-author in nearly 180 publications, including the Red Book of the Fauna of Venezuela, the Red Book of the Terrestrial Ecosystems of Venezuela, and peer-reviewed articles in journals such as: Nature, Science, Biodiversity and Conservation, Biological Conservation, Biotropica, Conservation Biology, Diversity and Distributions, Ecological Applications, Ecology and Society, Environmental Conservation and Oryx.



TRAFFIC has more than 150 staff, based in offices on 5 continents


Staff attending the TRAFFIC Global Programme Meeting in Arusha, Tanzania, May 2015

Some key personnel 


Steven Broad,
Executive Director

Marcus Phipps,
Senior Director - Operations

Roland Melisch, Senior Programme Director - Europe and Africa

James Compton,
Senior Programme Director - Asia Pacific

Teresa Mulliken,
Director - Programme Development & Evaluation  

Crawford Allan,
Senior Director, Wildlife Crime

Sabri Zain,
Director of Policy

Richard Thomas,
Global Communications Co-ordinator

Chen Hin Keong,
Programme Leader - Timber Trade

Glenn Sant,
Programme Leader - Fisheries Trade

Anastasiya Timoshyna,
Programme Leader - Medicinal Plant

Thomasina Oldfield
Science, Research & Analysis Coordinator

Katalin Kecse-nagy,
Regional Director - Europe

Tom Milliken Elephant and Rhino Programme Leader

David Newton,
Regional Director - East/Southern Africa

Kanitha Krishnasamy,
Acting Regional Director - South-East Asia


Paulinus Ngeh,
Regional Director - Central Africa

Fei Zhou Head of Office - China

Julie Thomson
Head of Office – East Africa

Sarah Ferguson Head of Office - Viet Nam


Caroline Knightley Global Human Resources Manager



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