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TRAFFIC and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)


TRAFFIC news items relating to the CBD
TRAFFIC's contributions towards achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Relevant areas of TRAFFIC's programme
TRAFFIC at previous CBD meetings

The promotion of international co-operation, providing advice and recommendations, along with action at the national level are among TRAFFIC’s top priorities to address wildlife trade issues; these priorities cut across all parts of our conservation programme and align closely with the aims of international Conventions, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

For many years, TRAFFIC has provided expert advice, information and assistance towards decision-makers in support of the further development and implementation of the CBD, along with other Multilateral Environmental Agreements like CITES.

The CBD’s objectives are:
•    The conservation of biological diversity;
•    The sustainable use of its components;
•    The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding.


CoP 12, Pyeongchang, Korea, 6-17th October 2014

During the 12th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CoP12), TRAFFIC will be focusing specifically on the following agenda items:

Decision-makers at CBD CoP12 will be supported to consider our inputs stemming from the intersessional meetings of the CoP’s subsidiary body, namely SBSTTA 17 and SBSTTA 18.

TRAFFIC will hereby focus its support to CBD Parties on advice and means to help reduce the pressure of illegal and unsustainable wildlife trade on biodiversity, and enhance the benefits to wildlife conservation and human well-being that derive from trade at sustainable levels.

To support its work, along with its partners TRAFFIC is planning for several side-events (see full list here) during CBD CoP 12, including:

on ‘Plant Conservation 2014: a mid-term review of progress towards the Global Strategy on Plant Conservation (GSPC)’ (with Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) and the CBD Secretariat)

on ‘Tackling common drivers of disease and biodiversity loss: a One Health approach’ (with the Ecohealth Alliance, CBD Secretariat, DIVERSITAS, DIVERSITAS-Future Earth, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the United Nations University (UNU))

at the '3rd BioTrade Congress on ‘Promoting Sustainable use through Business Engagement’ through a contribution on the ‘Biodiversity and Community Health Initiative (BaCH)’ (with the United Nations University (UNU))

as a member of the ‘Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management (CPW)’, at their side-event at the Rio Conventions Pavilion (RCP)

on ‘Strengthening capacities to combat poaching and the illegal wildlife trade in support of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets’ (with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ))

at the CBD COP12 Business and Biodiversity Forum ‘Mainstreaming Biodiversity: Innovative Opportunities for Business’, during the ‘Focus Group 3c: What are the Benefits and Means of Engaging with Local Communities’ ’(with the United Nations University (UNU))

On ‘Demonstrating the role of biodiversity and ecosystems in delivering good health at low cost’ (with partners of the Biodiversity and Community Health Initiative)
On ‘Framing biodiversity and health in the context of the post-2015 development agenda’ (with Secretariat of CBD, World Health Organisation (WHO), Bioversity International, Diversitas, Ecohealth Alliance, WCS, Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (HEAL),  and UNU-IAS)


TRAFFIC contributions towards achieving the CBD Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Referencing the CBD Aichi Biodiversity Targets, TRAFFIC’s 2020 goal is to help reduce the pressure of illegal and unsustainable wildlife trade on biodiversity, and enhance the benefits to wildlife conservation and human well-being that derive from trade at sustainable levels.

TRAFFIC’s work typically focuses on specific Programmes of Work of the CBD, and our experts normally attend official CBD meetings, including Conferences of the Parties (CoPs), Meetings of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA), as well as specific Working Groups (WG) and Liaison Groups (LG) of the Convention and to provide information and assistance to help in the deliberations and decision-making processes of these meeetings.

TRAFFIC also advises the CBD’s National Focal Points – people or institutions designated by a government to represent the Party between CoPs in its routine dealings with the CBD Secretariat, and has provided expert support towards National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) — the principal instruments for implementing the Convention at the national level.

TRAFFIC has also provided input during the process of revising the CBD’s current Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including its Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

Just ahead of CBD CoP10 in Nagoya, Japan, TRAFFIC was invited by the CBD Secretariat to become a Party to the “Memorandum of Cooperation between international Agencies, Organisations and Conventions and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity on the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011 – 2020 and the Achievement of the 2020 Aichi Targets.”

The following Case Studies illustrate TRAFFIC's work in supporting sustainable wild-harvesting and equitable trade in medicinal and aromatic plants:

Case Study: FairWild Standard and online Why Go Wild toolkit (PDF, 400 KB)
Case Study: Traditional Chinese medicine in China (PDF, 200 KB)
Case Study: Community work in Viet Nam (PDF, 400 KB)
Case Study: Developing Ayurvedic trade chain from India to Europe (PDF, 250 KB)


Relevant areas of TRAFFIC's programme

TRAFFIC's programme is designed to address specific issues related to the CBD, in particular in relation to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Over-exploitation of wild animals and plants for trade is the second biggest threat to biodiversity after habitat destruction. It also threatens the livelihoods of people who depend on wild resources, particularly the rural poor. TRAFFIC’s programme is designed to address such issues, in line with achieving the aims of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.


People worldwide rely on wild plant species as a source of food, income, medicine, construction materials, ornamentation and other products. TRAFFIC has provided input to the CBD’s Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GPSC) and also helped develop the FairWild Standard to support efforts to ensure wild plants are managed, harvested and traded sustainably.

Worldwide many people, often the rural poor, rely on wild gamemeat as a vital source of nourishment. TRAFFIC has provided input into the CBD’s Liaison Group on Bushmeat, which aims to ensure fair and equitable access to wild meat resources, while also securing the sustainability of such supplies—to benefit people and protect biodiversity. Through our work we have supported Parties to concur on the adoption CBD Decision XI/25 at CoP11 in Hyderabad, India, on the “Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: Bushmeat and Sustainable Wildlife Management” and the therein integrated ‘Revised Recommendations of the CBD Liaison Group on Bushmeat’.

In TRAFFIC’s efforts to support achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Target 12, TRAFFIC places specific focus on reducing trade in “flagship species” categorized as threatened” by IUCN that are at risk from trade. Wider focus is on reducing trade in species categorised as threatened on the IUCN Red List and species in decline that are likely qualify for threatened status if actions are not taken to address trade concerns. TRAFFIC is also embarking upon a wide-ranging programme of work focussed on wildlife crime, particularly in the sphere of anti-trafficking and legislative and policy reform, in order to reduce its impact on populations of endangered species in the wild. TRAFFIC has also joined the “Friends of Target 12” partnership to assist countries in their efforts to achieve Target 12—which aims to prevent further extinctions of threatened species and improve the conservation status of those disappearing most rapidly.

In the field of applied taxonomy, still more capacity building is needed for field identification of flora and fauna to support conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. TRAFFIC has produced a number of species identification sheets and run workshops to support capacity building measures, and has built up a significant body of expertise and knowledge on this issue. TRAFFIC warmly welcomes the Revised Draft Capacity–Building Strategy for the Global Taxonomy Initiative (GTI) that stemmed from SBSTTA-15 & SBSTTA-16. Subsequently, TRAFFIC has supported Parties to concur on the adoption CBD Decision XI/29 at CoP11 in Hyderabad, India, on the ‘Capacity-building Strategy for the Global Taxonomy Initiative.

TRAFFIC has also contributed to the Global Biodiversity Outlook, and is a partner of the Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP), a global initiative to further develop and promote indicators for the consistent monitoring and assessment of biodiversity.


TRAFFIC at previous CBD meetings

CBD SBSTTA-18, 23-28 June 2014. Montreal, Canada

CBD (Regional), 4-8 March 2013, Singapore. Regional Workshop for Southeast Asia on reflecting the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) in National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

CBD (Regional), 15-17 November 2012. Mexico City, Mexico. Regional Workshop for Central America and the Caribbean on implementation of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) in the context of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020

CBD CoP11, 8-19 October 2012. Hyderabad, India

CBD SBSTTA-16, 30 April-5 May 2012. Montreal, Canada

CBD SBSTTA-15, 7-11 November 2011. Montreal, Canada

CBD (Regional), 13-15 July 2011, Quito, Ecuador. Regional Workshop on the updating and revision of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAP) for South America

CBD / CITES,  7-10 June 2011. Nairobi, Kenya

CBD CoP10, 18-29 October 2010. Nagoya, Japan

CBD SBSTTA-14, 10-21 May 2010. Nairobi, Kenya

CBD WG ABS 9, 22-28 March 2010. Cali, Colombia. 9th Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing)

CBD 15-17 October 2009. Buenos Aires, Argentina. First Meeting of the Liaison Group on Bushmeat

CBD CoP9, 19-30 May 2008. Bonn, Germany

CBD SBSTTA-12, 2-6 July 2007. Paris, France



TRAFFIC news items relating to the Convention

The full text of the Convention on Biological Diversity

There are currently (October 2014) 194 Parties to CBD



Relevant Publications

TRAFFIC freely distributes a large number of reports into various aspects of the wildlife trade, many of which have direct relevance to achieving the CBD's aspirations. Most of these reports can be downloaded as PDFs from the TRAFFIC website.

You can also download and browse specific publications catalogues—on Development (PDF, 2.9 MB), Medicinal Plants (PDF, 2.6 MB), Fisheries (PDF, 3.5 MB), Wild Meat (PDF, 3.1 MB), Timber (PDF, 2.5 MB) and Protected Areas (PDF, 2.3 MB) and a General catalogue (PDF, 3 MB).

NOTE: Some publications appear in more than one category