In 2013, TRAFFIC, together with the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS), WWF China and Zhejiang Wecome Pharmaceutical Ltd instigated the EGP-MAPs project in Hunan and Zhejiang Provinces.
The overall goal was to create green supply chains in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) industry, achieving sustainable management of medicinal plants and improving rural livelihoods and environmental governance.
China, the origin and biggest centre of production for many plant materials used in TCM, produces a wide variety of plant-based herbal medicines and ingredients that are consumed both within China and worldwide.
However, wild medicinal plant resources in China are under threat in large part owing to over-harvesting to meet high demand from the TCM and herbal products industry. Poor management is not only threatening wild species but also the livelihoods of collectors and, ultimately, TCM healthcare systems.
The EGP-MAPs project (PDF leaflet: in English and Chinese) brings together stakeholders involved along the entire supply chain—harvesters, conservation NGOs, industry associations, academia, government departments, and of course the TCM industry and traders to address these issues.
The project uses the FairWild Standard (English version (PDF 1 MB), Chinese version (PDF, 500 KB)) as a best-practice framework for sustainable wild harvesting and equitable trade in plants to underpin a long-term approach towards sustainability in the TCM industry, piloting a participatory approach to governance of China’s wild plant resources.
Download Engaging China's private sector in sustainable management of medicinal plants—the multiplier effect for the full overview of the project objectives, actions and next steps.
The report includes the full project framework as well as recommendations from TRAFFIC and the FairWild Foundation.
The project developed case studies to review the implementation of best practices in sustainable approaches to management of wild plant resources, including through the use of standards by industry and the development of better policies and laws.
Case study 1: Implementation of ECBP project in China
Case study 2: Yunnan province sustainable collection of TCM spp
Case study 3: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme Poland
Case study 4: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme Hungary
Case study 5: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme USA
Case study 6: Reviving the traditions of wild plant collection in Central Europe
Case study 7: Pelargonium sidoides policy ZA LE
Case study 8: NTFPs governance Bosnia and Herzegovina
Case study 9: National NWFPs strategy Kosovo
Case study 10: European Policies on wild plants conservation
Case study 11: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme UK
explore the latest on the sustainable harvest and trade in wild plants
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