External TRAFFIC publications
A selection of references to papers authored by TRAFFIC staff, but published by organizations other than TRAFFIC.
TOPICS - enforcement
Wildlife detector dogs: A guideline on the training of dogs to detect wildlife in trade (PDF, 660 KB) by Birgit Braun. WWF Germany. 2013.
Opportunities to Use Detector Dog Programmes to Detect Wildlife Contraband – Results of an Expert Workshop on Wildlife Detector Dogs by Birgit Felgentreu and Volker Homes. INECE Newsletter, issue 15, summer 2007.
Reference Guide - EC Wildlife Trade Regulations prepared by TRAFFIC. A user-friendly short reference guide.
TOPICS - forestry
Precious Woods: Exploitation of the Finest Timber (PDF 766 KB) Tackling the Trade in Illegal Precious Woods, Chatham House workshop 23-24 April 2012 prepared by TRAFFIC Section 1: Anna Jenkins, Neil Bridgland, Rachel Hembery & Ulrich Malessa - Section 2: James Hewitt, Ulrich Malessa & Chen Hin Keong
High Time for Timber Tracking to Go High Tech? (PDF, 600 KB) Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade (RAFT) newsletter November 2012.
Exporting in a shifting legal landscape (PDF, 4.5 MB) by George White and Chen Hin Keong. WWF Global Forest & Trade Network (Updated October 2013). A guide for organizations that currently export, or intend to export, forest products to the US market and wish to assess their own performance in meeting the needs of their US customers.
Enhancing Customs Collaboration to Combat the Trade in Illegal Timber (2010) by Henry Scheyvens and Federico López-Casero. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), in partnership with TRAFFIC.
The role of CITES in controlling the international trade in forest products (PDF, 700 KB) by Teresa Mulliken. Non-Wood Forest Products Working Document N° 7. FAO (Rome) 2009.
Trade liberalisation and forest verification: Learning from the US-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PDF, 405 KB) by Filippo Del Gatto, Bernardo Ortiz-von Halle, Braulio Buendia and Chen Hin Keong. Verifor Briefing Paper February 2009.
CITES: a growing role in the timber trade. A look at proposals to list new tree species in CITES Appendix II (2007) by Chen Hin Keong. Arborvitae 33:5.
Trade Measures – Tools to promote the Sustainable Use of NWFP? by Markus Burgener, TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa–South Africa, under the supervision of: Sven Walter, FAO, Forest Products Division, Non-Wood Forest Products Programme. (May 2007). 135pp. Report available from: Non-Wood Forest Products Working Document No.6
China's wood market, trade and the environment (PDF, 1.4 MB) by Zhu Chunquan, Rod Taylor and Feng Guoqiang (2004) 63pp Science Press USA Inc.
TOPICS - medicinal
Can we tame wild medicine? - To save a rare species, Western conservationists may have to make their peace with traditional Chinese medicine by Rob Parry-Jones and Amanda Vincent. New Scientist, issue 2115, 03 January 1998.
SPECIES - mammals
Extinction process of the sambar in Peninsular Malaysia by Kae Kawanishi, D. Mark Rayan, Melvin T. Gumal and Chris R. Shepherd (PDF, 250 KB). DSG Newsletter 16 (April 2014).
Sun Bear snaring highlights an enforcement bane in the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Malaysia by Kanitha Krishnasamy & Or Oi China. (2014). (PDF, 200 KB). International Bear News. Vol. 23 no. 1.
Otters in the Mong La wildlife market, with a first record of Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana in trade in Myanmar (2014). (PDF, 160 KB) by Chris R Shepherd & Vincent Nijman. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 31(1) 31-33.
Increased Enforcement and Reduced Demand: Tackling the Illegal Bear Trade in Malaysia (2013). (PDF, 300 KB) by Chris R Shepherd. Int Bear News 22(3): 25-27.
Largest Tiger seizure ever in Malaysia (2013). (PDF, 350 KB) by Chris R Shepherd, Shenaaz Khan & Kanitha Krishnasamy. CatNews 59: 11 (2013).
Seizure of live otters in Bangkok airport, Thailand. (2013). (PDF, 230 KB) by Chris R. Shepherd and Panjit Tansom. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 30(1) 37-38.
Observations of small carnivores in Jakarta wildlife markets, Indonesia, with notes on trade in Javan Ferret Badger Melogale orientalis and on the increasing demand for Common Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus for civet coffee production (PDF, 500 KB) by Chris R Shepherd (2012). Small Carnivore Conservation, Vol. 47: 38–41.
CAT walks in Sungai Yu Tiger Corridor. (2012). Cat News 56: pp 9-11. by Kawanishi, K., Yeap, C. A., Shepherd, C. R., Gumal, M., Suksuwan, S. and Suzalinur Manja Bidin.
Tigers of the World (2010) 2nd Edition. Chapter 29: The Malayan Tiger (PDF, 400 KB) by Kae Kawanishi, Melvin Gumal, Loretta Ann Shepherd, Gareth Goldthorpe, Chris R. Shepherd, Kanitha Krishnasamy and Abdul Kadir Abu Hashim.
Exploring cultural drivers for wildlife trade via an ethnoprimatological approach: a case study of Slender and Slow Lorises (Loris and Nycticebus) in South and Southeast Asia by Nekaris, K. A. I., Shepherd, C. R., Starr, C. R. and Nijman, V. (2010). American Journal of Primatology 71:1-10.
Saved from trade: donated and confiscated gibbons in zoos and rescue centres in Indonesia by Nijman, V., Martinez, C. Y. and Shepherd, C. R. (2009) Endangered Species Research. Doi:103354/esr00218.
Recent records of the Javan Small-toothed Palm Civet Arctogalidia (trivirgata) trilineata by J. A. Eaton, R. Wüst, R. Wirth, C. R. Shepherd, G. Semiadi, J. Hall and J. W. Duckworth, Small carnivore conservation 43: 16–22 (December 2010) (PDF, 600 KB)
Illegal primate trade in Indonesia exemplified by surveys carried out over a decade in North Sumatra by Chris R. Shepherd. (2010). Endang. Species Res. Vol. 11: 201–20. (PDF, 200 KB)
Sikkim - under the sign of the Red Panda (English PDF, 500 KB; German PDF, 3 MB) by Stefan Ziegler, Axel Gebauer, Roland Melisch, Basant Kumar Sharma, Partha Sarathi Ghose, Rajarshi Chakraborty, Priyadarshinee Shrestha, Dipankar Ghose, Karma Legshey, Hari Pradhan, Nari Tshering Bhutia, Sandeep Tambe and Samir Sinha. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoos · Heft 2 / 2010 · 53. Jahrgang 79-92.
Predation of Water Monitor Lizard by Smooth-coated Otter in Peninsular Malaysia (PDF, 400 KB) by G. Goldthorpe; C. Shepherd; S. Hogg; B. Leupen. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 27(2): 78-84 (2010)
The trade in Viverridae and Prionodontidae in Peninsular Malaysia with notes on conservation and legislation (PDF, 280 KB) by Chris R. Shepherd and Loretta Ann Shepherd. Small Carnivore Conservation, Vol. 42: 27–29 (June 2010)
Does the fishing cat inhabit Sumatra? (PDF, 400 KB) by J W Duckworth, Chris R Shepherd et al., Cat News, 51: 4-9 (Autumn 2009)
The Elephant Trade Information System (ETIS) and the illicit trade in ivory: A report to the 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (2007) by T. Milliken, R. W. Burn and L. Sangalakula. Document submitted by TRAFFIC to CITES.
Summary report on the Elephant Trade Information System (ETIS): A report to the 12th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (2002). Document submitted by TRAFFIC to CITES.
Trophy Hunting of Black Rhino Diceros bicornis: Proposals to Ensure Its Future Sustainability by N. Leader-Williams, S. Milledge, K. Adcock, M. Brooks, A. Conway, M. Knight, S. Mainka, E.B. Martin and T. Teferi. J. Int. Wildlife Law & Policy 8: 1-11 (2005).
The Southern Serow: A little-known mountain goat of Southeast Asia in steep decline by Chris R. Shepherd. The Loggerhead, Dec 07–Jan 08 issue, p6.
Civets in trade in Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia (1997–2001) with notes on legal protection by Chris R. Shepherd. Small Carnivore Conservation, 38: 34–36.
Illegal killing of African rhinos and horn trade, 2000–2005: the era of resurgent markets and emerging organized crime by Simon A.H. Milledge. Pachyderm No. 43 July–December 2007.
Establishing the foundation for an applied molecular taxonomy of otters in Southeast Asia (2008) by Klaus-Peter Koepfli, Budsabong Kanchanasaka, Hiroshi Sasaki, Hélène Jacques, Kristina D. Y. Louie, Toanvong Hoai, Nguyen Xuan Dang, Eli Geffen, Arno Gutleb, Sung-yong Han, Thrine M. Heggberget, Lionel LaFontaine, Hang Lee, Roland Melisch, Jordi Ruiz-Olmo, Margarida Santos-Reis, Vadim E. Sidorovich, Michael Stubbe and Robert K. Wayne. Conservation Genetics, January 2008.
Major Steps taken towards Otter Conservation in Indonesia (1994) by R. Melisch, P. B. Asmoro and L. Kusumawardhami. IUCN/SSC Otter Spec. Group Bull., 10:21-24.
The trade in bear parts from Myanmar: an illustration of the ineffectiveness of enforcement of international wildlife trade regulations by Chris R. Shepherd and Vincent Nijman. Biodivers. Conserv. 17: 35-42.
The Distribution and Status of the Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) in Asia - A Preliminary Review (1998) by Conroy, J., Melisch, R. & Chanin, P. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 15(1): 15–30.
The Eurasian otter Lutra lutra in Afghanistan by R. Melisch and G. Rietschel. Bonn. zool. Beitr. 46, 367–375 (Scanned PDF, 3 MB).
Notes on the grizzled leaf monkey (Presbytis comata) from two nature reserves in West Java, Indonesia (1996) by Melisch R. & Dirgayusa I W. A. Asian Primates 6(1–2). pp: 5–11.
First record of hybridisation in otters (Lutrinae: Mammalia), between Smooth-coated otter, Lutrogale perspicillata (Geoffroy, 1826) and Asian small-clawed otter, Aonyx cinerea (Illiger, 1815) (1996) by
Melisch, R. & Foster Turley, P. Der Zoologische Garten, 66(5), 284–288.
Anoa threatened by souvenir trade in south Sulawesi, Indonesia (1995) by Melisch, R. Oryx 29: 224–225.
Early record of fishing cat in Peninsular Malaysia (1995) by Melisch, R. Cat News 22: 19.
Fishing cat in peril in Java (1995) by Melisch, R. Cat News 22: 18.
Distribution and status of the Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus rhizophoreus Sody, 1936) in West Java, Indonesia (Mammalia:Carnivora:Felidae) (PDF, 3.2 MB) (1995) by Melisch, R., Asmoro, P.B., Lubis, I.R. and Kusumawardhani, L. Faun.Abh.Mus.Tierkd. Dresden 20(17): 311–319.
Recent threats to a wild Banteng (Bos javanicus) population in Cikepuh Wildlife Reserve, West Java, Indonesia (1995) by Melisch, R. IUCN/SSC Veterinary Specialist Group Newsletter 10: 11.
Observation of swimming babirusa Babyrousa babyrussa in Lake Poso, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia (1994) by Melisch, R. Malayan Nature Journal, 47, 431–432.
Small carnivore conservation assessment and management plan. Final review draft report, 10 May 1994, [Eds]. Wirth, R., Glatston, A., Byers, O., Ellis, S., Foster, Turley P., Robinson, P., Van Rompaey, H., Moore, D., Kumar, A., Melisch, R. & Seal, U. IUCN/SSC Mustelid, Viverrid and Procyonid Specialist Group, IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group & IUCN/SSC Captive Breeding Specialist Group. 1–229.
Lifting China's Tiger Trade Ban Would Be a Catastrophe for Conservation (2007) by K. Nowell and Xu Ling. Cat News 46: 28-29
International Bear News. Quarterly Newsletter of the International Association for Bear Research and Management (IBA) and the IUCN/SSC Bear Specialist Group. Vol. 20(3). August 2011
SPECIES - birds
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus: legal protection and enforcement action in Malaysia by Chris R Shepherd, Loretta Ann Shepherd & Kaitlyn-Elizabeth Foley. (2013). BirdingASIA 19: 92-94 (PDF, 140 KB)
The owl trade in Jakarta, Indonesia: a spot check on the largest bird markets by Chris R. Shepherd. (2012). BirdingASIA 18: 58–59 (PDF, 360 KB)
Captive rearign and release of Bar-headed Geese in China: A possible HPAI H5N1 virus infection route to wild birds by Chris J Feare, Taichi Kaito and Richard Thomas. (2010) Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 46(4), 2010, pp. 1340–1342.
Declaration of the Javan hawk eagle Spizaetus bartelsi as Indonesia's National Rare Animal impedes conservation of the species by Vincent Nijman, Chris R. Shepherd, S. van Balen. (2009). Oryx, 43(1), 122–128. (PDF, 150 KB)
An emerging Asian taste for owls? by Chris R Shepherd & Loretta Ann Shepherd. (2009). BirdingASIA 11: 85-86 (PDF, 200 KB)
Observations on trade in laughingthrushes (Garrulax spp.) in North Sumatra, Indonesia (PDF, 85 KB) Bird Conservation International (2010)
Trade of Galliformes in Indonesia by Chris R. Shepherd and Vincent Nijman. World Pheasant Association E-News no.82:82.
The bird trade in Medan, north Sumatra: an overview by Chris R. Shepherd. BirdingASIA 5 (2006): 16–24.
First description of male Hoogerwerf ’s Pheasant Lophura (inornata) hoogerwerfi (Chasen, 1939), with notes on distribution by Resit Sözer, Chris R. Shepherd & Darjono. Bull. B.O.C. (2006) 126(3): 207–211.
Trade in the Black-and-white Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor and White-crested Laughingthrush G. leucolophus in Indonesia by Chris R. Shepherd. BirdingASIA 8 (2007): 49–52.
SPECIES - reptiles
The harvest of freshwater turtles (Chelidae) from Papua, Indonesia, for the international pet trade. By J A Lyons, D J D Natusch & C R Shepherd. (2013). Oryx, 47(2), 298–302. (PDF, 220 KB)
Wildlife trade as an impediment to conservation as exemplified by the trade in reptiles in Asia. By V Nijman, M Todd and C R Shepherd. (2012). Pp 390-405 in Gower DJ et al. (eds) Biotic evolution and environmental change in southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press.
Over-exploitation and illegal trade of reptiles in Indonesia by Vincent Nijman, Chris R. Shepherd, Mumpuni & Kate L. Sanders HERPETOLOGICAL JOURNAL 22: 83–89, 2012 (PDF, 1.3 MB)
The Role of Thailand in the International Trade in CITES-Listed Live Reptiles and Amphibians by Nijman V. and Shepherd, C. R. (2011). PLoS ONE 6(3): e17825. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017825
New data on the poorly known snake Xenelaphis ellipsifer Boulenger 1900 (Squamata: Colubridae) by Auliya, M. and Shepherd, C. R. (2009). Hamadryad Vol. 34, No. 1. pp 168-171.
International Trade in Crocodilian Skins: Review and analysis of the trade and industry dynamics for market-based conservation (December 2002) by James MacGregor. A study into the change in price of crocodile skins in relation to changes in consumer confidence in the Japanese economy.
Trade in non-native, CITES-listed, wildlife in Asia, as exemplified by the trade in freshwater turtles and tortoises (Chelonidae) in Thailand by Vincent Nijman and Chris R. Shepherd. Contributions to Zoology, 76(3): 207–212.
The role of Asia in the global trade in CITES II-listed poison arrow frogs: hopping from Kazakhstan to Lebanon to Thailand and beyond by Vincent Nijman Chris R. Shepherd. Biodivers Conserv (2010) 19:1963–1970
Export of live freshwater turtles and tortoises from North Sumatra and Riau, Indonesia: A case study (scanned PDF, 1.5 MB) by Chris R. Shepherd. Chelonian Research Monographs 2: 112-119.
SPECIES - plants
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania (2003) by Wolfgang Kathe, Susanne Honnef & Andreas Heym. BfN-Skripten-91. Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN) (German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation)
Quantitative assessment of an internatinoal standard on sustainable wild collection of medicinal and aromatic plants (ISSC-MAP) to evolving a step by step process for adoption and adaption by Giridhar Kinhal & Samir Sinha. Pp.39-49 in International conclave on medicinal plants for ASEAN and BIMSTEC countries. Procedings from a workshop held 11-13 December 2008, organized by Forest Department of Manipur.
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation and Private Sector Engagement (2010) by Britta Paetzold and Anastasiya Timoshyna. [square brackets] Issue 3:8. CBD Newsletter for Civil Society, issued by the CDB Secretariat and the CBD Alliance. (PDF, 1.2 MB)
Procedings 12th international cOnference and exhibition: recent trends in medicinal and aromatic plants production, manufacture & marketing, Giza Egypt, 21-23 November 2006 Egyptian Society for the Producers, Manufacturers and Exporters of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ESMAP). (PDF, 840 KB).
Progress on the International Standard for Sustainable Wild Collection of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ISSC-MAP) (2006) by Susanne Honnef, Danna Leaman, Britta Pätzold & Uwe Schippmann. Medicinal Plant Conservation, .
Candelilla (Euphorbia antisyphilitica): Utilisation in Mexico and international trade (2004) by Frank Barsch. .
Revision of the "WHO/IUCN/WWF Guidelines on the Conservation of Medicinal Plants" (2004) by Wolfgang Kathe & Alan Pierce. .
WHO releases Guidelines on Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACP) for medicinal plants (2004) by Alan Pierce & Wolfgang Kathe. .
Sustainable use of medicinal and aromatic plants for financial support of protected areas in southeast Europe (2004) by Wolfgang Kathe & Susanne Honnef. .
Medicinal Plants: BMZ-funded workshop held in Hong Kong (2000) by Samuel Lee. .
Workshop on Conservation of Medicinal Plants in Korea (2000) by Samuel Lee & Sue Kang. .
The Revision of the “WHO/IUCN/WWF Guidelines on the Conservation of Medicinal Plants” (2005) by Wolfgang Kathe. HerbalGram, 66:60-61.
Susanne F. Schmitt and Susanne Honnef (2002). Sustainable use of medicinal and aromatic plants in Europe, page 19-20. In: D. Baricevic, J. Bernáth, L. Maggioni and E. Lipman (comp.) - Report of a Working Group on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. First Meeting, 12–14 September 2002, Gozd Martuljek, Slovenia. The International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and The European Cooperative Programme for Crop Genetic Resources Networks (ECP/GR).
New industry standard for collection of wild plants. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter
WHO (2003). WHO guidelines on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for medicinal plants. Geneva, WHO, 72 pp. In French.
Politische ökologie (2007), No. 108, features articles on the value, exploitation, threats, and conservation of aromatic and medicinal plants, several by TRAFFIC staff and consultants Britta Pätzold, Susanne Honnef, Wolfgang Kathe and Roland Melisch.
Uttarakhand - a celebration (2007) by Digvijay Singh Kathi and Samir Sinha. Forest Department, Government of Uttarakhand, Dehradun, India, 167 pp. Hardback with beautiful colour photographs.
The Status of Panax ginseng in the Russian Far East and Adjacent Areas: A Matter for Conservation Action. (1997) by Melisch, R., Fomenko, F. & Hejda, B. Medicinal Plant Conservation 4:11-13.
Panax quinquefolius Popularity Prompts Probe. (1997) by Chris Robbins. Medicinal Plant Conservation 4:13-15.
TRAFFIC Europe Project on the Exploitation of Indigenous European Medicinal Plants. (1997) by Anne Vanden Bloock. Medicinal Plant Conservation 3:8-9.
Hydrastis canadensis – a Candidate for Appendix II. (1997) by Chris Robbins. Medicinal Plant Conservation 3:20-21.
TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa starts Medicinal Plants Project. (1996) by Nina Marshall. Medicinal Plant Conservation 2:6-7.
SPECIES - fish
Sant, G. and Lack, M. (2010) Capture, commerce et gestion des requins: une vue d’ensemle [Shark catch, trade and management: a global round-up] pp. 28-29. In: Deynat, Pascal. Les requins. Identification des nageoires. [Sharks – Identification of fins]. Edition QUAE, Versailles, France. 319 pp [in French]
Environmental Courts prove to be effective (PDF, 750 KB) (2010) Stop illegal fishing Case Study series 2.
Regulating the Humphead Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) Trade in Sabah, Malaysia by Julia Ng Su Chen and Spencer Ryan Justin. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, Vol. 38, issue 2 (March 2009): 123–125.
Pascal Deynat & Stéphane Ringuet (2009) «Comment sauver les requins?» L'ecologiste, n°29-Vol.10N°2, Juillet-Septembre 2009, page 49-52.
Vital but vulnerable: Climate change vulnerability and human use of wildlife in Africa’s Albertine Rift (PDF, 6 MB) by J.A. Carr, W.E. Outhwaite, G.L. Goodman, T.E.E. Oldfield and W.B. Foden. Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 48. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xii + 224pp.
CITES and CBNRM: Proceedings of an international symposium on “The relevance of CBNRM to the conservation and sustainable use of CITES-listed species in exporting countries”, Vienna, Austria, 18-20 May 2011. (PDF, 2.7 MB) by Abensperg-Traun, M., Roe, D. and O’Criodain, C., eds. (2011). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN and London, UK: IIED. 172pp.
Livelihood alternatives for the unsustainable use of bushmeat (PDF, 1.2 MB) by Nathalie van Vliet. (2011) (CBD Technical Series No. 60) prepared for the Bushmeat Liaison Group of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
The Bushmeat Debate in Central Africa and the Need for an Objective Monitoring Tool by Stéphane Ringuet, Roland Melisch, Nathalie van Vliet and Germain Ngandjui. [square brackets], Issue 4:10-11. CBD Newsletter for Civil Society, issued by the CDB Secretariat and the CBD Alliance
Biodiversity: My hotel in action (3.2 MB) A guide aimed at hotel managers and owners of small and large hotels. (October 2008). IUCN
Ringuet, Stéphane (2004). « Les ONG et le commerce international des espèces sauvages : L'exemple de TRAFFIC // NGOS and the international trade in wild species: the case of TRAFFIC», In : I. Ineich (ed.). Le commerce et l'exploitation des animaux sauvages. Comptes rendus du colloque organisé les 17 et 18 mai 2001 à la Grande Galerie de l'Evolution du MNHN par la Société zoologique de France et le MNHN. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France 129 (1-2)(265pp): 163-185.
Transport Infrastructure and Wildlife Trade Conduits in the GMS: Regulating Illegal and Unsustainable Wildlife Trade by Chris R. Shepherd, James Compton and Sulma Warne. (2006) Paper presented at Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative (BCI) International Symposium, 27-28 April 2006, Bangkok, Thailand. (PDF, 100 KB)
Promoting CITES-CBD Cooperation and Synergy (2004) Proceedings of the Workshop 20 – 24 April 2004 held at the International Academy for Nature Conservation of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Germany. (PDF, 6 MB)
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