Sustainable supply chains: Engaging China’s private sector in sustainable management of medicinal plants (EGP-MAPs)
Project policy report in English (PDF, 3 MB)
In 2013, TRAFFIC, together with the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS), WWF China and Zhejiang Wecome Pharmaceutical Ltd instigated the EGP-MAPs project in Hunan and Zhejiang Provinces.
The overall goal is to create green supply chains in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) industry, achieving sustainable management of medicinal plants and improving rural livelihoods and environmental governance.
The Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) project is funded by the EU-China Environmental Governance Programme (EGP).
China, the origin and biggest centre of production for many plant materials used in TCM, produces a wide variety of plant-based herbal medicines and ingredients that are consumed both within China and worldwide.
However, wild medicinal plant resources in China are under threat in large part owing to over-harvesting to meet high demand from the TCM and herbal products industry. Poor management is not only threatening wild species but also the livelihoods of collectors and, ultimately, TCM healthcare systems.
The EGP-MAPs project brings together stakeholders involved along the entire supply chain—harvesters, conservation NGOs, industry associations, academia, government departments, and of course the TCM industry and traders to address these issues.
The project uses the FairWild Standard (English version (PDF 1 MB), Chinese version (PDF, 500 KB)) as a best-practice framework for sustainable wild harvesting and equitable trade in plants to underpin a long-term approach towards sustainability in the TCM industry, piloting a participatory approach to governance of China’s wild plant resources.
Result Area 1: Sustainable production and supply chains led by key TCM manufacturers and traders
- Support of TCM manufacturers and traders on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) strategy with focus on sustainable production.
- Support of uptake of voluntary standards and certification schemes, and facilitation of green labelling of products.
- Establishment of multi-stakeholder fora on private sector leadership for sustainable sourcing and production and creation of links to responsible buyers.
Result Area 2: Increased capacity of producer groups
- Raising collectors’ awareness of the FairWild Standard and conducting training in sustainable harvesting and production.
- Support of creation and registration of collectors’ associations.
- Facilitation of access to wider markets by collectors via selected buyers in China or in the EU.
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Result Area 3: Piloting of green cultivation schemes
- Increasing producer awareness and skills in sustainable cultivation of medicinal plants.
- Support of the piloting of organic certification for selected producers.
- Linking farmers to selected manufacturers and traders in China and the EU.
TCM industry promotes sustainable sourcing of plant ingredients
Result Area 4: Favourable policy environment
- Raising government awareness and capacity for the support of sustainable management.
- Facilitation of experience-sharing with private-sector and local government agencies in reviewing existing laws and regulations governing TCM resources.
- Support of preferential policies towards sustainable business practices.
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Project case-study (PDF, 260 KB)
The project developed case studies to review the implementation of best practices in sustainable approaches to management of wild plant resources, including through the use of standards by industry and the development of better policies and laws.
Case study 1: Implementation of ECBP project in China
Case study 2: Yunnan province sustainable collection of TCM spp
Case study 3: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme Poland
Case study 4: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme Hungary
Case study 5: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme USA
Case study 6: Reviving the traditions of wild plant collection in Central Europe
Case study 7: Pelargonium sidoides policy ZA LE
Case study 8: NTFPs governance Bosnia and Herzegovina
Case study 9: National NWFPs strategy Kosovo
Case study 10: European Policies on wild plants conservation
Case study 11: Implementation of FairWild certification scheme UK
This communication has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this communication are the sole responsibility of TRAFFIC and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.